Germany is the first port-of-call in any study of the origins of World War I. Germany before World War I was imperialistic, militaristic and autocratic, a nation struggling to assert its place in the world.
November 8, - Operation Torch begins U. November 11, - Germans and Italians invade unoccupied Vichy France.
November 19, - Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad begins. December 2, - Professor Enrico Fermi sets up an atomic reactor in Chicago. December 13, - Rommel withdraws from El Agheila.
January 10, - Soviets begin an offensive against the Germans in Stalingrad.
January - Casablanca conference between Churchill and Roosevelt. During the conference, Roosevelt announces the war can end only with "unconditional German surrender.
February 8, - Soviet troops take Kursk. February - Battle of Kasserine Pass between the U. February 16, - Soviets re-take Kharkov. February 18, - Nazis arrest White Rose resistance leaders in Munich. March 2, - Germans begin a withdrawal from Tunisia, Africa.
March 15, - Germans re-capture Kharkov. March - Battle of Atlantic climaxes with 27 merchant ships sunk by German U-boats. May 7, - Allies take Tunisia. May 13, - German and Italian troops surrender in North Africa.
May 16, - Jewish resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto ends. June 11, - Himmler orders the liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in Poland. July 5, - Germans begin their last offensive against Kursk. July 19, - Allies bomb Rome.
July 22, - Americans capture Palermo, Sicily. July 24, - British bombing raid on Hamburg.
August - Germans evacuate Sicily. August 23, - Soviet troops recapture Kharkov. September 8, - Italian surrender to Allies is announced. September 9, - Allied landings at Salerno and Taranto. September 11, - Germans occupy Rome. September 12, - Germans rescue Mussolini. September 23, - Mussolini re-establishes a Fascist government.
October 1, - Allies enter Naples, Italy. November 6, - Russians recapture Kiev in the Ukraine. November 18, - Large British air raid on Berlin.Complete World War II in Europe timeline with photos and text. Over links!
In the years following World War I, there was spiraling hyperinflation of the German currency (Reichsmark) by The causes included the burdensome reparations imposed after World War I, coupled with a general inflationary period in Europe in the s (another direct result of a materially catastrophic war).
June. Construction of brand-new Royal Naval Air Station on Boaz urbanagricultureinitiative.com part of the preparations for World War 2, the increased workload at HMS Malabar caused problems due to the limited space available. The largest battle of the World War 1 – the Battle of the Somme – is known as one of the bloodiest battles in history.
It was fought by the French and British against the Germans on both sides of the River Somme in France, and lasted for more than five months. The American entry into World War I came in April , after more than two and a half years of efforts by President Woodrow Wilson to keep the United States out of the war.
Apart from an Anglophile element urging early support for the British, American public opinion reflected that of the president: the sentiment for neutrality was particularly . World War I also had the effect of bringing political transformation to most of the principal parties involved in the conflict, transforming them into electoral democracies by bringing near-universal suffrage for the first time in history, as in Germany (German federal election, ), Great Britain (United Kingdom general election, ), and Turkey (Turkish general election, ).