Nation-Building Essay Nation-Building Essay Nation-building refers to the general process of constructing a nation making use of the power and institutions of the state or the political community polity. As an ideology and social mobilization, nationalism has often been attributed to earlier phases in the process of evolution of contemporary nation-states.
Introduction Nation-building is a normative concept that means different things to different people. The latest conceptualization is essentially that nation-building programs are those in which dysfunctional or unstable or "failed states" or economies are given assistance in the development of governmental infrastructure, civil society, dispute resolution mechanisms, as well as economic assistance, in order to increase stability.
Nation-building generally assumes that someone or something is doing the building intentionally. But it is important to look at the evolution of theories of nation-building and at the other concepts which it has both supplanted and included.
Many people believe that nation-building is evolutionary rather than Essays on nation building, that is takes a long time and is a social process that cannot be jump-started from outside. The evolution of the Italian city-states into a nation, the German city-states into the Zollverein customs union and later a nation, the multiple languages and cultural groups in France into the nation of France, the development of China from the warring kingdoms, took a very long time, and were the result, not only of political leadership, but of changes Essays on nation building technology and economic processes the agricultural and then industrial revolutionsas well as communication, culture and civil society, and many other factors.
In what Seymour Martin Lipset has called The First New Nation, the United States, at first 13 colonies with diverse origins, came together to form a new nation and state. This was a new type of nation-state, because its people were not all of the same ethnicity, culture, and language, as had been thought to be the case in the early defining of the concept of nation-state.
But nation-building by one nation may destroy others. In the building of the US nation and others, aboriginal nations were erased or marginalized. The Six-Nations Confederacy of the Iriquois had existed before the US nation and was thought by some to be a model for it.
Today many "First Nations" are in the process of nation re-building, re-building the social, cultural, economic and political foundations for what is left of self-governance. First nations seek to re-build cultural identities as nations in order to challenge their disintegration by others in the creation of their own states.
The project defined Nation-building as: One of the reasons for the difficulties of what many consider "failed states" is that some peoples who had been integrated were taken apart by European colonialism, while others who were separate peoples were integrated together in new states not based in common identities.
Particularly in Africa and the Middle East, new political borders paid little attention to national identities in the creation of new states.
Thus the notion of nation-state, a nation which developed the governmental apparatus of a state, was often nonsense. While in Europe nation-building historically preceded state-building, in post-colonial states, state-building preceded nation-building.
The aftermath of colonialism led to the need for nation-building. A study by James Dobbins and others for the RAND Corporation defines nation-building as "the use of armed force in the aftermath of a conflict to underpin an enduring transition to democracy.
Germany, Japan, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan, "in which American military power has been used in the aftermath of a conflict to underpin democratization elsewhere around the world since World War II," they review the lessons learned.
This definition of nation-building is substantially different than those which see nation-building as the province of people within a nation. The definition centers around the building of democratic processes, but many argue that the use of the military to bring about democracy may be inherently contradictory.
Whether nation-building can be imposed from outside is one of the central questions in this field, and whether that can be done by the military is a further part of the question. What is a nation? To understand the concept of nation-building, one needs to have some definition of what a nation is.
Early conceptions of nation defined it as a group or race of people who shared history, traditions, and culture, sometimes religion, and usually language. The people of a nation generally share a common national identityand part of nation-building is the building of that common identity.
Some distinguish between an ethnic nation, based in the social construction of race or ethnicity, and a civic nation, based in common identity and loyalty to a set of political ideas and institutions, and the linkage of citizenship to nationality.
Today the word nation is often used synonymously with state, as in the United Nations. But a state is more properly the governmental apparatus by which a nation rules itself. Max Weber provided the classic definition of the state: Today, however, we have to say that a state is a human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory.
Note that "territory" is one of the characteristics of the state. Specifically, at the present time, the right to use physical force is ascribed to other institutions or to individuals only to the extent to which the state permits it.
The Evolution of Nation-Building Theory The term nation-building is often used simultaneously with state-building, democratizationmodernization, political development, post-conflict reconstructionand peacebuilding. But each concept is different, though their evolution is intertwined.
The concept of nation-building came to be used especially among American political scientists a decade or so after World War II, to describe the greater integration of state and society, as citizenship brought loyalty to the modern nation-state with it. Reinhard Bendix focused on the expansion of citizenship and of rights to political participation.
Almond and Coleman argued for the functional approach to understand and compare the political systems of developing countries. They defined input functions as:Nov 13, · Nation Building Essay. Moral education, like character education, is not a new idea – it is as old as society and education - Nation Building Essay introduction.
It addresses ethical dimensions of the individual and society and examines how standards of right and wrong are developed.
Hence, the essay will first discuss the aims and objectives of the nation-building process before the launch of Singapore 21, subsequently evaluating the role of Singapore 21 in the overall nation-building .
Nation-building refers to the process of constructing or structuring a national identity using the power of the state. This process aims at the unification of the people within the state so that it remains politically stable and viable in the long run.
Nov 12, · Defining nation building Nation building is a highly complex term that means different things to different people.
Nation building is evolutionary as it takes time and is a social process that cannot be achieved from outside. Essay on “Role Of Students in Nation Building” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.
Role Of Students in Nation Building The future of India depends on our students. a country’s name and fame rest on the youth. Nation Building Essays: Over , Nation Building Essays, Nation Building Term Papers, Nation Building Research Paper, Book Reports.
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