How to Write a Summary of an Article? Implications for the Future Communities around the world face pollution problems on one level or another.
For large- scale applications of information technology, governments have been called upon to apply procedures like those commonly used in major industrial and social projects. Thus, commitment might have to be deferred pending dissemination and public discussion of independent environmental or social impact statements.
Although organizations that use information technology might see this as interventionism, decision making and approval for major information technology applications may nevertheless become more widely representative.
Closed- system versus open- system thinking Computer- based systems no longer comprise independent machines each serving a single location. The marriage of computing with telecommunications has produced multicomponent systems designed to support all elements of a widely dispersed organization.
The practice of information systems has matured since the early years when existing manual systems were automated largely without procedural change. Developers now seek payback via the rationalization of existing systems and varying degrees of integration among previously separate functions.
With the advent of strategic and interorganizational systems, economies are being sought at the level of industry sectors, and functional integration increasingly occurs across corporate boundaries. Although programmers can no longer regard the machine as an almost entirely closed system with tightly circumscribed sensory and motor capabilities, many habits of closed- system thinking remain.
Human activities in particular must be perceived as part of the system. The focus must broaden from mere technology to technology in use.
General systems thinking leads information technologists to recognize that relativity and change must he accommodated. Today, an artifact may be applied in multiple cultures where language, religion, laws, and customs differ. Over time, the original context may change. For example, models for a criminal justice system - one based on punishment and another based on redemption - may alternately dominate social thinking.
Therefore, complex systems must be capable of adaptation. Blind acceptance of technological and other imperatives Contemporary utilitarian society seldom challenges the presumption that what can be done should be done.
Although this technological imperative is less pervasive than people generally think, societies nevertheless tend to follow where their technological capabilities lead.
Related tendencies include the economic imperative what can be done more efficiently should be and the marketing imperative any effective demand should be met. An additional tendency might be called the "information imperative," the dominance of administrative efficiency, information richness, and rational decision making.
However, the collection of personal data has become so pervasive that citizens and employees have begun to object. Complementary measures that may be needed to ameliorate its negative effects should also be considered.
The potential impact of information technology is so great that it would be inexcusable for professionals to succumb blindly to the economic, marketing, information, technological, and other imperatives.
Yet several studies have found a surprising degree of identification by humans with computers. Educational institutions and staff training programs must identify these limitations; yet even this is not sufficient: The human- machine interface must reflect them.Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Robotics (Intelligent Robotics and Autonomous Agents) [Patrick Lin, Keith Abney, George A Bekey] on urbanagricultureinitiative.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Prominent experts from science and the humanities explore . Dec 03, · The government and a prominent strategist clash on whether the United States will remain dominant in Asia, and whether Australia should go it alone.
The Two Cultures is the first part of an influential Rede Lecture by British scientist and novelist C.
P. Snow. Its thesis was that "the intellectual life of the whole of western society" was split into the titular two cultures – namely the sciences and the humanities – and that this was a major hindrance to solving the world's problems..
The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution. 1 Writing a Thought Paper: The Ten-Step Process There are many things that go into writing a good thought paper.
One might compare it to building a house. TBD started out as a modest effort by our original core editorial team. There were 19 of us. We met in the city of Detroit in the United States to discuss what was jokingly referred to as the “State of Things” and to assess the future of products, their design and associated services as society evolved with its exuberance for cultures, businesses and daily rituals in which technologies and.
See the winners and read their essays on the DNA Day Essay Contest Winners' Page!Congratulations to the winners and honorable mentions.