Nutritional requirements of individual with dementia

Explain what it means to have a duty of care in own work role. Explain how duty of care contributes to the safeguarding or protection of individuals. Risk assessments; carrying out and reviewing risk assessments for all of the activities we do and places we go ensures that thought and concerns is given to how we do things every day, this way I ensure risks concerning equipment and activities are minimised and therefore reducing the risk of any injury or harm to the individuals and myself.

Nutritional requirements of individual with dementia

Nutritional Requirements of Individuals with Dementia Nutritional Requirements of Individuals with Dementia 9 September Obesity Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia.

Outcome 1 1 describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition. Cognitive behaviour is dysfunctional emotions and behaviours caused by damage in brain affecting part of the brain responsible for memory and all that we learn from birth- how to talk, eat etc.

This means that person with dementia can forget how important it is to eat and drink. They also may lose sense of hunger and thirst.

The Nutritional Requirements Of Individuals With Dementia Essay Sample

Instead, some people find easier to pick up food by hand, so finger food should be provided. This might be a good way to avoid confusion and distress for a client. If person finds it easier food should be laid out for a client promoting their dignity.

Emotional change can be negative emotions about the confused state when individual may not understand that there is something wrong, but behaviour of others may lead them to feeling something is wrong, which often causes stress to individual with dementia.

Poor nutrition can make the symptoms of dementia worse, increase risk of more frequent infections requiring use of antibiotics.

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Malnutrition also affects immune system making it difficult to fight an infection. Effects of poor nutrition: It is more likely that as well as dementia older elderly are more likely to develop other chronic illnesses and therefore will have specific nutritional needs. Nutritional requirements Energy requirements decline with age, particularly if physical activity is restricted.

However, requirements for protein, vitamins and minerals remain the same, so it is imperative that food choices are nutritionally dense, supplying a rich supply of nutrients in a small volume. Fat There should be no restrictions on the input of fats if a client: Sugar Many elderly people have high sugar intakes.

If the rest of the diet contains lots of foods from the main food groups, there is no reason to limit sugar intake.

In fact, if weight loss has occurred, sugars may be recommended to meet energy requirements and to aid weight gain. Iron Anaemia is common in elderly and can be caused by poor absorption, certain drugs and blood loss. Iron intakes can be met by having red meat and non-meat sources every day.

Absorption is maximised by consuming vitamin C-rich foods at the same time, such as a glass of fruit juice or fresh fruit or vegetables with each meal.

How can dementia affect diet and nutrition?

Can be found in meat, pulses, wholemeal bread and shellfish Calcium Consuming calcium rich products on a daily basis can slow down loss of calcium in bones, which starts at the age of 30 and accelerates considerably in later years.

Calcium-rich foods milk and dairy foods should be eaten every day. Vitamin D Vitamin D is needed for calcium metabolism and its deficiency in elderly people can lead to bone softening and distortion. Many elderly people also have limited exposure to sunlight this vitamin can be made through the action of sunlight on the skin.

Nutritional requirements of individual with dementia

B Vitamins Intake of B vitamins may be low in this age group if appetite is poor and the diet is not rich in vitamins and minerals. To help prevent this, foods from all food groups must be consumed every day.

Water Taking an appropriate amount of water approximately 2 litres each day will: This will encourage individual to eat and drink, but also it will increase their emotional and physical well-being.

People may have different views about foods depending on their cultural background. Providing range of familiar foods can help make individual feel at home, safe and welcomed.

As well as providing nutritional value food and drink also play a significant role in culture and rituals.

For example, Chinese people eat with chopsticks. Some people like to have a glass of wine with their meal. People from different cultures can only eat certain things as reason of their religion or believes.

An individual with dementia has the same needs and rights as someone without dementia. Eating is basic human function and need.

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The type of food people eat affects their health and quality of life. People who eat poor diet get sick more often and recover from injury and illness more slowly. Outcome 2 1 describe how mealtime cultures and environments can be a barrier to meeting the nutritional needs of an individual with dementia.

Possible reasons for malnutrition in residential or nursing homes:Dementia and nutrition Many people living with dementia may experience a change in their relationship with food, eating and drinking. As dementia progresses, the behavioural, emotional and physical changes that occur can make eating and drinking more difficult.

Undertaking its most comprehensive review and revision since , the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has issued a proposed rule updating the Requirements .

Course Description: Clinicians often say to me: “I want to include Nutritional and Integrative Medicine methods into my practice but I am not sure where to begin or how to do this?” And, “What am I allowed to do”? Many clients are already self-prescribing based on information obtained on the In.


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Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia. Outcome 1 1) describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes with dementia can . Unit – Mandatory Unit Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia (DEM ) Outcome 1 1.) Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition.

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