Peer evaluation of research papers

On the one hand, some people claim it can be accomplished safely; others dispute that. In an attempt to make progress, a National Academies study committee propounded a framework to use when analyzing proposed solutions.

Peer evaluation of research papers

November Volume 70 Number 3 Teacher Evaluation: Fiarman A look at seven districts' Peer Assistance and Review programs shows what it takes for this approach to succeed. Peer review of teachers is controversial for several reasons.

Some say peer reviewers encroach on the rightful domain of the principal as instructional leader. Others argue that, because peer evaluators are fellow teachers, they may be biased or unwilling to make hard decisions. Many teachers find the prospect of peer evaluation unsettling because it violates the professional norm of egalitarianism—the assumption that "we're all equal.


Now that districts across the United States are rushing to implement new evaluation systems, many are taking a new look at peer review. They have good reason to do so.

Peer evaluators can reduce the demand on administrators' scarce time, provide subject-matter expertise that a principal may lack, introduce the teacher's perspective into the evaluation process, and enable teachers to take greater control of their profession.

On the other hand, research suggests that without clear evidence of their expertise and deliberate support from administrators, peer reviewers may not have the credibility they need to ensure that their colleagues accept their judgment and advice Donaldson et al.

Does peer review have the potential to be used widely and to improve teacher evaluation?

Peer evaluation of research papers

Or is it too problematic to succeed and last? In PAR programs, peer reviewers often called consulting teachers leave the classroom for 3—5 years to provide intensive, individualized help to a caseload of 15—20 teachers.

Most teachers in their caseload are novices, but some are experienced teachers who have been judged in need of improvement and referred to PAR by their principal.

After consulting teachers have spent several months providing concentrated, individualized help to each teacher, they evaluate whether that teacher meets the district's performance standards. Subsequently, consulting teachers file a report about each teacher with the PAR panel, a joint labor—management committee overseeing the program.

In some districts, the PAR panel relies on the consulting teacher's report as the sole, official evaluation for a teacher; in other districts, the panel reviews the consulting teacher's report alongside the principal's evaluation. In all districts, however, the consulting teacher's report is the primary document that the panel considers in deciding whether to recommend that a teacher be reappointed or dismissed.

PAR provides teachers with expert advice for improvement and, if that effort fails, a clear path to dismissal. Because due process is ensured in all aspects of PAR, districts rarely encounter legal challenges to their decisions.

Learning from Seven Districts

We visited the districts, examined local policies, and interviewed 25—30 participants and stakeholders in each—consulting teachers, union leaders, district administrators, principals, and panel members.

First-year retention rates averaged 90 percent across the seven districts, far exceeding the national average for similar districts. However, when novice teachers did not meet the district's standards, they were dismissed.

As one district administrator said, "If you tenure somebody that's not really good, those are million-dollar decisions. The other two-thirds were either dismissed formally or chose to resign or retire.Title Authors Published Abstract Publication Details; Analysis of the CLEAR Protocol per the National Academies' Framework Steven M.

Bellovin, Matt Blaze, Dan Boneh, Susan Landau, Ronald L. Rivest. UCEA Journals. UCEA offers a variety of resources for research, teaching, practice and evaluation. We invite you to explore UCEA’s journals, books, briefs, webinars, curriculum modules and other resources available through our resources page.

Preventing Chronic Disease (PCD) is a peer-reviewed electronic journal established by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.

The mission of PCD is to promote the open exchange of information and knowledge among researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and others who strive to improve the health of the public .

International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) is Peer reviewed, online Journal. It serves as an international archival forum of scholarly research related . Journal of Arts and Humanities (JAH) is a double-blind,peer-reviewed, open access refereed journal with an aim of becoming a leading journal in the arts and humanities disciplines.

The scope of the Journal focuses on theoretical and empirical research in the broader fields of Arts and Humanities areas. Peer-based Addiction Recovery Support History, Theory, Practice, and Scientific Evaluation William L.

White, MA Great Lakes Addiction Technology Transfer Center.