Reactivity series investigation essay

Corrosion is the returning of metals back into their natural constituents when exposed to an atmosphere with which it can react. Both metals and non-metals are able to undergo redox reactions as well as other ceramics and polymers which are known to undergo a similar process which is referred to as degradation. This investigation aims to outline and assess the factors affecting corrosion and explore in depth how redox reactions work. Reduction and oxidization reactions redox eactions are responsible for corrosion.

Reactivity series investigation essay

Corrosion is the returning of metals back into their natural constituents when exposed to an atmosphere with which it can react - Corrosion in the Home Chemistry Essay introduction. Both metals and non-metals are able to undergo redox reactions as well as other ceramics and polymers which are known to undergo a similar process which is referred to as degradation.

This investigation aims to outline and assess the factors affecting corrosion and explore in depth how redox reactions work. Reduction and oxidization reactions redox reactions are responsible for corrosion.

Half reaction equations will be playing a major role in this investigation. In a redox reaction there is always an anode electron donor and a cathode electron recipient.

The exchange of the electrons can be either in a direct process or can be an Reactivity series investigation essay transfer of electrons along a conductor from the anode to the cathode. Either direct or indirect, the corrosion will always occur at the anode.

The galvanized nails hopefully will end up with limited amounts of rust in all solutions. The activity series plays a major role in corrosion itself. The activity series is basically an empirical series of metals; in order of reactivity from highest to lowest.

Gold being the least reactive at the bottom of the list and lithium being the most reactive at the top of the list. Starting at gold and working up to lithium at the top of the list; the metals increase in reactivity, lose electrons more readily to form positive ions, corrode more readily, require more energy to be separated from their ores and finally become stronger reducing agents.

The activity series is generally used to summarize information about the reactions of metals with acids and water, single displacement reactions and the extraction of metals from their ores. As it turns out, the metals that corrode most easily are usually also the most abundant.

Corrosion has many factors influencing it. Things such as the environment e. Also the types of metal as almost each and every metal corrode differently and to different extents similarly as just mentioned. The presence of oxygen in water to which iron is exposed increases the corrosion rate also.

The reason for this increase is the rapid reaction between oxygen and the polarizing layer of atomic hydrogen absorbed on the oxide layer.

As this potential is a positive one, this reaction indicates a spontaneous redox process. Meaning this will be a naturally occurring process.

Test tube rack 2. Using your stoichiometric equations find the mass of salt that you need for each molar solution. Now dissolve your 2. Collect your ml of distilled water control 7. Label each solution accordingly e. Repeat steps as you need for both galvanized and iron nails 9. Place 8 of your test tubes into the test tube rack Add 4 galvanized nails to four of the test tubes and 4 iron nails to the remaining 4 test tubes.

Place each of your solutions into the required test tubes distilled water for both galvanized and iron nails etc Record observations based on the extent of the corrosion of each nail over a period of one week Repeat steps 1 through 10 At the end of the 7 days remove the rust from the nails and test tubes and filter using filter paper Weigh each of the rust products upon completion Choose Type of service.Introduction.

In acid-base chemical reactions, there are four main variables, which influence the rate of reaction. These include the presence or absence of catalyst, temperature, concentration, and surface area of reactants.

Reactivity series investigation essay

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In brief the reactivity series of metals is a list in which metals are ranked according to their reactivity, from the most reactive metals (such as Pottassium) at the .

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