The force field analysis

Force Field Analysis Toolkits January Force Field Analysis was developed by Kurt Lewin and is widely used to inform decision making, particularly in planning and implementing change management programmes in organisations. It is a powerful method of gaining a comprehensive overview of the different forces acting on a potential organisational change issue, and for assessing their source and strength. Detailed description of the process Force field analysis is best carried out in small group of about six to eight people using flipchart paper or overhead transparencies so that everyone can see what is going on.

The force field analysis

Existing commitments to partner organizations. Now add the forces against change to the right-hand side of your Force Field Analysis. Finding This Article Useful?

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Read our Privacy Policy Step 4: Assign Scores Next, score each force, from, say, one weak to five strongaccording to the degree of influence each one has on the plan, and then add up the scores for each side for and against.

For a visual representation of the influence that each force has, draw arrows around them. Use bigger arrows for the forces that will have a greater influence on the change, and smaller arrows for forces that will have a weaker influence.

By now, your Force Field Analysis should look something like the example in figure 2, below. Adapted with permission from Ben Ramalingam.

The force field analysis

To decide whether or not to move forward with the decision or change. To think about which supportive forces you can strengthen and which opposing or resisting forces you can weaken, and how to make the change more successful.

Management Techniques: Force Field Analysis | Overseas Development Institute (ODI)

If you had to implement the project in the example above, the analysis might suggest a number of changes that you could make to the initial plan. For instance, you could: Train staff to minimize their fear of technology.

The force field analysis

Show staff that change is necessary for business survival. Show staff that new machines would introduce variety and interest to their jobs. Raise wages to reflect new productivity. Install slightly different machines with filters that eliminate pollution.

The -1 benefit of the new machines eliminates "Impact on environment" as a force against change. These changes would swing the balance from Some factors, where you need absolute certainty in order to make a good decision, don't fit well with this approach.

Considerations that affect people's health and safety, for example, aren't suited to Force Field Analysis. Be sure to deal with these appropriately, whatever the outcome of your analysis.

Bear in mind that, while Force Field Analysis helps you to understand the impact of different factors on your decision or change, it can be subjective.

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If you're making an important decision, using it alongside other decision-making tools such as Decision Matrix Analysis.Force-field analysis is a development in social science. It provides a framework for looking at the factors (forces) that influence a situation, originally social looks at forces that are either driving movement toward a goal (helping forces) or blocking movement toward a goal (hindering forces).

Robert Lloyd, the Director of Performance Improvement at IHI, uses his trusty whiteboard to dissect the science of improvement. In short videos, he breaks down everything from Deming's System of Profound Knowledge, to the PDSA cycle, to run charts.

Kurt Lewin's force field analysis change model was designed to weigh the driving and restraining forces that affect change in organizations. The . Figure 1: Force Field Analysis – Towards a Desired State.

So, if an organization strives to keep equilibrium, it will work to maintain the balance. If on the other hand, an organization wants to create change, then it needs to unbalance or disrupt equilibrium.

Mind Tools for Your Organization

Purpose: Force Field Analysis is a general tool for systematically analyzing the factors found in complex problems. It frames problems in terms of factors or. Purpose: Force Field Analysis is a general tool for systematically analyzing the factors found in complex problems.

It frames problems in terms of factors or.

Force Field Analysis