It sparked the beginning of a new era in Russia that had effects on countries around the world. Historical Background In the years leading up to the Russian Revolution ofthe country had a succession of wars.
Sometime in the middle of the 19th century, Russia entered a phase of internal crisis that in would culminate in revolution. Its causes were not so much economic or social as political and cultural.
Ill-equipped and poorly led, Russian armies suffered catastrophic losses in campaign after campaign against German armies.
The war made revolution inevitable in two ways: Riots over the scarcity of food broke out in the capital, Petrograd formerly St.
When his brother, Grand Duke Michael, refused the throne, more than years of rule by the Romanov dynasty came to an end. The 2, delegates to this soviet were chosen from factories and military units in and around Petrograd. The Provisional Government was unable to countermand the order.
All that now prevented the Petrograd Soviet from openly declaring itself the real government of Russia was fear of provoking a conservative coup.
Between March and October the Provisional Government was reorganized four times. The first government was composed entirely of liberal ministers, with the exception of the Socialist Revolutionary Aleksandr F. The subsequent governments were coalitions. None of them, however, was able to cope adequately with the major problems afflicting the country: Meanwhile, soviets on the Petrograd model, in far closer contact with the sentiments of the people than the Provisional Government was, had been organized in cities and major towns and in the army.
One reason was that radical socialists increasingly dominated the soviet movement. Kerensky became head of the Provisional Government in July and put down a coup attempted by army commander in chief Lavr Georgiyevich Kornilov according to some historians, Kerensky may have initially plotted with Kornilov in the hope of gaining control over the Petrograd Soviet.
By September the Bolsheviks and their allies, the Left Socialist Revolutionaries, had overtaken the Socialist Revolutionaries and Mensheviks and held majorities in both the Petrograd and Moscow soviets.
Although a previous coup attempt the July Days had failed, the time now seemed ripe. On October 24—25 November 6—7 the Bolsheviks and Left Socialist Revolutionaries staged a nearly bloodless coup, occupying government buildings, telegraph stations, and other strategic points.
The Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets, which convened in Petrograd simultaneously with the coup, approved the formation of a new government composed mainly of Bolshevik commissars. Petersburg during the Russian Revolution ofincluding a view of Vladimir Ilich Lenin speaking to a crowd.Feb 26, · Watch video · The Russian Revolution of was one of the most explosive political events of the twentieth century.
The violent revolution marked the end of the Romanov dynasty and centuries of Russian. A BBC Bitesize secondary school revision resource for Higher History on the causes of the February Revolution in Russia: the beginnings of the revolution.
Reasons for the Russian Revolution World War One was a huge contributing factor in the Russian revolution; however it was not the only one.
The failure of Tsar Nicholas II to rule his country well, the failure of the Duma and Bolshevik agitation all played a significant part.
These were the long term causes of the Russian Revolution, the factors which eroded the Tsarist government in the run up to I n , the Russian calendar had not yet been reformed, so it was 13 days behind other countries. This is why we call 8–15 March: The February Revolution, and the Bolshevik coup d’état of 6–8 November: The October Revolution.
The rise of Nihilism influenced the Russian Revolution of The preachers of Nihilism came forward to destroy the prevailing rule, society and religious faith and to create a new world. Its chief aim was the downfall of Czardom in Russia.