This is not just an arms race, but also a government's attitude of mind, seeing war as a valid means of foreign policy. This often includes the influence of government by the generals.
Back to top The Great War of began in August The causes of this war have been debated by politicians and historians ever since. One of the few things that historians have been able to agree about is that the war was the result of many different complex factors working together.
These factors meant that the situation in Europe in was very tense. This in turn allowed one crisis to spiral out of control and spark off a war that killed millions.
The war was fought between rival alliances of European powers: InGermany and Austria-Hungary formed an alliance the Dual Alliance that gave them great strength in the centre of Europe. Inthe French and the Russians formed their own strong alliance the Dual Entente that meant Germany now had an unfriendly power on each side.
Soon afterwards, Germany's most powerful soldier, General Schlieffen, drew up a plan that would allow Germany to beat France very quickly in any future war. This would then free most German troops to fight Russia in the east. By the early s, the alliances had developed.
Britain was much less committed to this alliance than Russia or France. Image 1 Map of Europe showing the Triple Alliance Image 2 Map of Europe showing theTriple Entente The advantage of these alliances was that it gave the great powers a sense of security.
The downside was that if the powers stuck blindly to their alliances, then a small-scale local dispute involving one power might drag the other powers in and turn into a major war. The experience of the early s seemed to suggest this would not happen.
In andthere were disputes between the powers over colonies in North Africa. InAustria-Hungary took over the province of Bosnia, which contained many Serbs. Serbia and her ally Russia were furious, but there was no war as a result. Inthere were a series of wars in the Balkans.
Serbia emerged from these wars as the main victor and appeared to be a possible threat to Austria-Hungary.
Even so, there was no major war. Unfortunately, this changed in Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary.
He was assassinated on 28 June by terrorists from one of Austria-Hungary's rival powers, Serbia. Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia, even though the terrorists were not connected to the Serbian government. On 31 JulyAustria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. At this point, the alliances came into play.
Russia mobilised its army ready to help the Serbs against Austria-Hungary. Everyone knew that if Russia attacked Austria-Hungary, then the alliance system meant that Germany and France could be pulled into the war as well. The alliance system did not mean that a European war had to happen. Some say that it could still have been avoided - especially if Britain could have made Germany hold back from helping Austria-Hungary.
Back to top In the late s and early s, Britain was often described as being in 'Splendid Isolation' from the rest of Europe. Britain had a huge empire and ruling this empire was its priority.
The key to Britain's power was India with its vast resources of manpower. Britain relied heavily on Indian troops to control the empire. The highest priority for Britain was protecting the trade routes between Britain and India. Britain's large navy protected trade links with India and with the rest of the world.
World War I summary: The war fought between July 28, , and November 11, , was known at the time as the Great War, the War to End War, and (in the United States) the European War. Only when the world went to war again in the s and ’40s did the earlier conflict become known as the First World War. Why did europe go to war in , essay 1. Why did Europe go to war in ? In , one of the most important wars in History broke out. At that time, Frank Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, had been killed in Sarajevo by a teenage terrorist. This murder is a short – term cause which led to war. Why Did War Break Out In ? Essay Sample. The countries of Europe thought that the alliance system would act as a deterrent or preventative of war but in fact, it tied the countries together so that if one country went to war, other countries would get dragged in as well. The First Moroccan crisis in showed the concepts.
Despite this focus on the empire, Britain was interested in events in Europe. To start with, other European countries had rival empires. Belgium and France both had large empires in Africa.
There was strong rivalry between Britain and France over possessions in North Africa.Why did war break out in ? With the exception of the United States, the great powers were organized loosely into a system of alliances.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy formed the Triple Alliance. A few of the boxes have woodblock-printed labels.
The one above reads "Guang Hua Store, specialized in making fashionable glass, opium utensils, and other things; the store is located in the capital of Guangdong, Xiajiupu district. In tension was building soo much.
Europe had split pretty much in two, and these groups began to clash in many parts of the world. Whenever they did Europe always looked on the point of war. The Vanquished: Why the First World War Failed to End [Robert Gerwarth] on urbanagricultureinitiative.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Winner of the Tomlinson Book Prize A Times Literary Supplement Best Book of An epic. urbanagricultureinitiative.com is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want. - Why did a European war break out in the summer of ?
introduction?? In , war broke out in Europe between the most powerful countries. In , war broke out in Europe between the most powerful countries.